What is retinal detachment?
The retina is the inner layer at the back of the eyeball that converts light entering the eye into an image sent to the brain. The retina can peel off and make vision blurry and shaded. In most cases, this condition is caused by shrinking of the eye and tearing of the retina by a gel-like material that fills the middle of the eye. Retinal detachment can also be caused by a previous injury or eye surgery.
When do I need to undergo retinal detachment surgery?
If the retina is torn, the treatment that may be given by a doctor is surgery. The surgical procedure can be done together with photocoagulation or cryopexy. The surgeon requires detailed information about the condition of your retina before determining the appropriate medical treatment.
Prevention & warning
What should I look for before undergoing retinal detachment surgery?
Tears or retinal holes can be treated without any surgery. This treatment uses laser (photocoagulation) or freezing (cryopexy). Occasionally, some people need a second operation for treatment to be successful. Eye surgery is not always successful in attaching the retina back. A retina that has been refitted also does not guarantee your vision to be normal. How good your vision after surgery depends on the condition of the middle of the retina (macula) which is affected by detachment before surgery. Eye recovery after retinal detachment surgery may take several months. But in some cases, patients whose vision cannot be recovered are found.
What should I do before undergoing retinal detachment surgery?
In the preparation stage of the operation, make sure you tell your doctor about your health condition, the medicines you are taking, and any allergies you have. The anesthesiologist will explain the anesthesia procedure and give further instructions. Make sure you follow all doctor's instructions including the prohibition of eating and drinking before surgery. In general, you are required to fast for six hours before the surgery is done. However, you may be allowed to consume drinks such as coffee a few hours before the operation.
What is the process of retinal detachment surgery?
Various anesthetic techniques may be used in this process. The operation usually takes 90 minutes to two hours. The surgeon can repair tears or holes in the retina using a laser or freezing technique. Specifically through surgery, retinal detachment can be treated by removing the gel procedure in the middle of the eye and replacing it with air bubbles, gas or silicone oil. In addition, your surface doctor.
What should I do after undergoing retinal detachment surgery?
After going through the surgical procedure, you are allowed to go home the next day. Avoid swimming or lifting anything heavy before consulting with your surgeon. Regular exercise is proven to improve health for the long term. But before you decide to exercise, ask your doctor for advice. New glasses may be recommended to improve your vision. The doctor will then arrange an eye test about one month after surgery. It takes some time to restore your vision.
What complications can occur?
Every surgical procedure has its own risks, including retinal detachment surgery. The surgeon will explain all kinds of risks that may occur postoperatively. Common complications that can occur after surgery are the effects after excessive anesthesia bleeding, as well as blood clots in deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
For retinal detachment surgery, complications that can occur are:
● heavy bleeding inside the eye
● increased pressure in the eyes
● the retina can be torn / torn back
● limited vision
● shaded vision
● inflammation of the eye next to it
You can reduce the risk of complications by following a doctor's direction before surgery, such as fasting and stopping certain medications.
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Reviewed date: September 6, 2017 | Last Edited: September 6, 2017